After scientists discovered the miraculous effect of hormones, they used it to treat various diseases, and insulin treatment of diabetes is representative. At the beginning of the 20th century, diabetes was still a disease of unknown etiology, and patients became increasingly emaciated and eventually died of various complications. In 1921, Dr. Banting in Canada discovered insulin from the canine's pancreas, revealing that this hormone deficiency was the cause of diabetes. Insulin was soon used in the clinical treatment of diabetics, for which Banting was awarded the 1923 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Hormonal drugs extracted or synthesized from animals have been widely used in clinical practice. Adrenal glucocorticoids such as dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, and prednisone are the most commonly used hormones. They have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, can fight inflammation caused by various causes such as physical, chemical, physiological, immunological, etc., and treat toxic pneumonia, myocarditis, meningitis, dermatitis, rheumatic fever and other diseases. Their effect is rapid and significant, and they are considered to be the "miracle medicine" of "resurrection", but the side effects are also obvious, such as causing the centripetal accumulation of fat in patients, the appearance of "full moon face", "buffalo back", special posture of emaciated limbs, and easy to cause adverse reactions such as osteoporosis, atherosclerosis, and gastrointestinal ulcer. Topical ointments containing glucocorticoids have obvious effect on reducing swelling and itching in a short period of time, but long-term use will bring sequelae such as skin atrophy and telangiectasia.
Growth hormone has the effect of promoting height development and is regarded as a "height enhancement drug" to help children grow taller, but the use of growth hormone must meet a series of conditions, including the exclusion of other endocrine diseases, nutritional diseases, chromosomal abnormalities, psycho-emotional disorders, poor living habits and other factors caused by bone retardation. After it is clear that the main cause of short stature is the lack of growth hormone, and the bones are still in the growth and development stage, the use of growth hormone can be standardized under the guidance of a doctor. During the use of growth hormone, regular follow-up and monitoring of physiological indicators should be carried out to avoid possible side effects such as increased intracranial pressure, hypothyroidism, and abnormal bone development.
The main role of melatonin is to regulate the circadian rhythm, and when it is secreted in increased amounts, people are easy to fall asleep. Sleep is good for anti-aging, some sleep improvement health products are vigorously promoted its anti-aging effect, in fact, melatonin has no direct effect on anti-aging. At present, in addition to the United States and other countries to melatonin as a health care product, most countries are cautious about the use of melatonin, as a prescription drug strictly controlled, not freely sold in pharmacies, if often use melatonin, their own melatonin secretion will be reduced, after stopping will rebound, making insomnia more serious.
Thyroxine drugs can help patients with hypothyroidism rejuvenate, and if used in excess, palpitations, sweating, heat intolerance, insomnia and other symptoms similar to hyperthyroidism will occur. Thyroxine drugs promote fat burning and weight loss while enhancing metabolism, but they are banned for weight loss because of obvious side effects. Some women who take thyroxine drugs for weight loss experience symptoms such as tachycardia, menstrual disturbances, and limb tremors. Boxing champion Ali once took such drugs to control his weight before a world heavyweight boxing match, but failed due to muscle weakness.
Sex hormones include estrogen and androgens, and their secretion is closely related to age. In the 50s of the 20th century, more than 5 million women in the United States and Europe received estrogen therapy, mainly to treat menopausal syndrome, infertility and miscarriage. Some of them have improved their symptoms, while others have developed diseases such as breast and uterine cancer. Androgens are used to promote sperm synthesis, bone marrow hematopoiesis, and muscle growth. Androgens were once used as "aphrodisiacs" to restore strength to men, although they can enhance libido and muscle strength, but they do not help anti-aging, and may even cause the body to age faster due to peroxidation. It is alarming that excessive intake of animal fat can cause excessive synthesis of sex hormones in the human body, thereby increasing the risk of reproductive system diseases, and the increase in estrogen-like substances in the environment increasingly threatens the sperm quantity and quality of humans and animals.
To date, various hormones have been considered dangerous drugs that must be used discreetly under the guidance of a doctor to treat certain diseases, and their misuse can cause disturbances in the body's autoregulatory mechanisms and affect metabolism. The endocrine system (the producer of hormones), the immune system, and the nervous system are closely related, and if you can maintain a happy mood, adequate sleep, and balanced nutrition, the body can synthesize a complete variety of hormones in the right amount, which is the feasible way to be healthy and beautiful.