Since autumn and winter, influenza virus epidemics have broken out in many places in China. The pediatric and respiratory departments of various hospitals are overcrowded, and the number of outpatient and emergency visits continues to be high. In many places, it is difficult to find medical supplies and medicines!
According to data reported by the Chinese health department, the intensity of influenza virus activity has recently increased and its spread has spread widely. Northern and southern regions of China have been affected to varying degrees. This influenza virus is mainly influenza A virus, and syncytial viruses are also present. Viruses are highly contagious and have a high incidence rate.
How should we respond to the menacing influenza virus? Pharmacy experts remind: Be sure to understand these household medicines!
Faced with the superimposed attack of multiple influenza viruses, clinical treatment is mainly focused on antiviral, improving symptoms, and improving immunity.
Antiviral drugs currently on the market in China are recommended to be more effective when used within 5 days of the onset of illness. For example, oseltamivir can inhibit influenza viruses, alleviate infection symptoms, and prevent the occurrence of severe influenza; abirolol is effective in treating adult A Influenza A and B are more effective, but there is still a lack of safety data for children and the elderly over 65 years old; both mabaloxavir and favipiravir are new anti-influenza drugs, which can not only fight against influenza A and B, clinical research It has been found that it also has a certain effect on the new coronavirus, but these drugs are prescription drugs and need to have clear indications. Such drugs must be taken strictly in accordance with the doctor's instructions. If you feel uncomfortable, seek medical advice in time.
Faced with the menacing risk of multiple infections, it is very necessary to stock up on commonly used medicines in an appropriate manner in case of emergencies. For example, some antipyretics, cough and phlegm medicines, antipyretics and analgesics, and over-the-counter medicines for soothing the throat and relieving pain are very necessary. . For upper respiratory tract symptoms such as fever, dry and sore throat, cough with phlegm (without phlegm), runny nose and other upper respiratory tract symptoms, the following medicines can be used as backup.
1) Fever: Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are commonly used as antipyretic and analgesic drugs; Chinese patent medicines such as Jinhua Qinggan Granules, Lianhua Qingwen Granules, and Xuanfei Baidu Granules can also improve symptoms and regulate the body.
Special reminder: When using antipyretics, you must follow the usage and dosage specified in the instructions, and do not overdose! Don’t overdose! Don’t overdose! Because overdose can cause serious side effects such as liver damage.
2) Dry and sore throat: For patients with severe throat swelling and pain, they can take diquinonium chloride, Liushen Pills, Qingyan Dropping Pills, Shufeng Jiedu Capsules, etc. to improve symptoms; for upper respiratory tract infections caused by mycoplasma infection, azithromycin and Luohong can be taken macrolide antibiotics such as mycin.
3) Cough and sputum (without phlegm): Patients with excessive phlegm and severe cough can take bromhexine, ambroxol, acetylcysteine and other drugs; patients with dry cough without phlegm can take pholcodine or dextromethamine. Dextromethorphan; topical aerosol inhalation of budesonide, terbutaline and other drugs can also be used to improve symptoms.
4) Runny nose and nasal congestion: To relieve nasal discharge, you can take chlorpheniramine, loratadine, and cetirizine. To treat nasal congestion, you can use xylometazoline nasal drops. When applying, be careful to avoid overlapping with compound preparations.
Finally, I would like to remind everyone that proper vaccination is an important way to reduce respiratory infections. Protection and a healthy lifestyle are equally important. Currently, the three public health preventive measures of wearing a mask, washing hands frequently and physical isolation can reduce the spread of influenza. The most effective measures are especially important for the elderly, children, pregnant women and people with serious underlying diseases. A small amount of antiviral and symptom-improving drugs should be kept at home to reduce the discomfort caused by infection and shorten the course of the disease. Seek medical attention promptly if you have severe symptoms.